The Irish Review

The Irish Review published by Cork University Press


The Irish Review is an academic, peer-reviewed journal which seeks to bridge the gap between academic specialists and readers with a general interest in Irish history, culture, literature and society. The editors encourage contributors to write in clear, accessible and precise language. Contributors should assume that readers will have a good basic knowledge of Irish history and politics, and should as far as possible try to make their articles of interest and importance to the widest possible audience.


Submissions should be sent by email attachment (as a Word document) to or

We have a standard word limit of 6,000 words per essay. Shorter pieces are also accepted.

Notes on style


Quotations (displayed)

  • ‘Short’ quotations of less than 50 words should be run on within the text. ‘Long’ quotations – more than 50 words – should be indicated in the text by allowing one line above and below the extract and by indenting the quote by at least four characters. Such display quotations should not have quotation marks at the beginning and end of the passage. Closely related ‘short’ quotations, with only a few lines of text intervening, may also be ‘displayed’, as can consecutive ‘short’ quotations (although these should use quotation marks after each individual quote).
  • Do not use quotation marks for displayed verse extracts except where a number of extracts follow each other and it is necessary to distinguish them.
  • Interpolations in an extract by someone other than the author of the quotation should be enclosed [in square brackets].
  • Quotations will be followed exactly for capitalization, italics, punctuation and spelling, although it is usual to make consistent with the style of the text of the typescript such conventions as: quotation marks; elimination of full points after ‘Mr’, ‘Mrs’ etc; and the treatment of textual dashes.
  • Poems and quotations of verse are also usually ‘displayed’ if there is more than one complete line.

Quotations (extracts)

  • Use single quotation marks, reserving double marks for internal quotes within a quotation.
  • Omitted passages are indicated by three spaced points. Do not add a fourth point at the end of an incomplete sentence, but for a complete sentence, the usual closing point is used, followed by the three space points.
  • Verse quotations of more than one complete line should be separated from the main text, and indented six spaces. Individual line indents should be the same as those in the original poem or verse. No quotation marks are required. One line or less should run on with the text and be ‘quoted’.


  • The first paragraph in an article after a subheading should be full out to the margin. All subsequent paragraphs should be indented.

Abbreviations and contractions

  • Avoid unnecessary use of abbreviations, and ensure any unfamiliar ones are explained at the first occurrence.
  • Do not use abbreviations at the start of a sentence.
  • Omit full point after Mr, Mrs, Dr and other contractions ending with final letter of the word (but Rt. Hon. not Rt Hon.).
  • Use St for Saint but S. permissible if consistent.
  • Do not punctuate abbreviations using initials (e.g., TUC, RADA, TV, MS, EEC, USA) which have become generally acceptable. Similarly do not punctuate those set of initials which are pronounced as a word (NATO, UNESCO, EFTA, SEAC, etc.).
  • Punctuate Rev., and abbreviated months of the year – Jan., Feb., etc.
  • Text reference to figures: ‘Fig.’, but spell out in full if at the start of a sentence.
  • Ampersand (&) should be used only in names of companies and occasionally in facsimile quotations from early documents.
  • ‘e.g.’, ‘i.e.’ should retain full points though should be avoided in your prose if possible.
  • Scripture references. Use Arabic numerals, dividing chapter and verse by colon: e.g., Genesis 2:14; Psalms 18:47; 2 Corinthians 4:8.
  • Drama references. Act III, scene ii, line 297, to appear as III.ii.297. Titles of Shakespeare plays should be abbreviated when references are frequent.


  • These should be set out as 11 June 1991, with the months spelt out and no intermediate commas; but allow latitude, e.g. in personal narrative, 11th June or June 11th, and follow the original in quotations.
  • For periods of years be consistent in using either 1961-63 or 1961 to 1963. AD (before date) and BC (after date). Use ‘seventeenth century’ (not 17th) and ‘seventeenth-century’ as compound adjective.


References: number system

 We use numbered endnotes and not author/date systems. The system uses superior numerals in the text at the point of reference. Numbering should be consecutive through the article, and allied to a numbered list at the end of the article.


  • Please ensure that a full point appears after every reference.
  • For articles and chapters in books it is only necessary to give inclusive page numbers when the entire article/chapter is being referred to. Otherwise include only individual page number(s) referring back to quotations.
  • Remember that journal articles do not have p. or pp. before page references. Book chapters do use p. or pp.. See full referencing details below.


References to books follow the system set out below:

– author’s(s’)/editor’s(s’) first name(s)

– author'(s’)/editor’s(s’) surname(s)

– comma

– title of book (in italic)

– comma

– number of volumes

– comma

– number of edition (2nd, 3rd . . . )

– comma

– name of translator/editor

– opening parenthesis, place of publication, colon

publisher, comma, date of publication (first and last dates if several volumes over number of years), closing parenthesis

– number of relevant volume

– comma

– page number(s), with p. or pp. then number(s)


1. Frank Callanan, The Parnell Split 1890-91 (Cork: Cork University Press, 1992), pp. 21-26.

2. G.L. Williams, Textbook of Criminal Law, 4 vols, 5th edn, rev. G. Brown (London:

Stevens, 1983).

Chapters within books

 – author’s(s’) first name(s)

– author’s(s’) surname(s)

– comma

– ‘title of chapter’ (in single quotation marks followed by comma), in (rest of material as for

book references.)


Fidelma Ashe, ‘Gender and Ethno-nationalist Politics’, in Colin Coulter and Michael Murray (eds), Northern Ireland After the Troubles: A Society in Transition (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2008), pp. 156-174.

 Note that single-editor books take (ed.), while multi-editor books take (eds).



– author’s(s’) first name(s)/initial(s)

– author’s(s’) surname(s)

– comma

– ‘title of article’ (in single quotes)

– comma

– title of journal (in italics)

– comma

– volume number

– colon

– issue number

– date of publication in parentheses

– comma

– page number(s) (without pp.)


Valerie O’Connor, ‘Feminism, Democratic Politics and Citizenship’, Third Text, 19:5 (2005), 511-524.



– name of poet/songwriter

– ‘title of poem’/title of poem (single quotes/ italics according to length of poem –

‘sonnet’/Paradise Lost)

– collection of poems/album in which work first appeared (italics)

– book/canto/stanza

– place of publication

– publisher

– date of publication


John Donne, ‘Women’s Constancy’, The Poems of John Donne, ed. Sir Herbert Grierson (London:Oxford University Press, 1960), p. 9.



– author’s name/initial(s)

– author’s surname

– title of play (italics)

– place of publication

– publisher

– act, scene, line(s) or act/part, page number or scene only


1. William Shakespeare, Julius Caesar, III.ii.14.

2. David Hare, Saigon (London: Faber & Faber, 1983), sc. 37, p. 51.

Subsequent references

After the first reference please use a shortened form of reference, with author’s first name/initial(s), surname, short form of title, page number(s).


1. David Hare, Saigon, sc. 37, p. 51

2. Valerie O’Connor, ‘Feminism, Democratic Politics and Citizenship’, 522.

Do not use idem., op.cit., ibid. or any other such abbreviation.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: